Mental Health: Most Popular Articles
A marriage therapist with recommendaitons on ending a relationship.
A glossary of mental health initials - like M.D., Ph.D., Psy.D., M.S.W., etc.
Antianxiety medications help to calm and relax the anxious person and remove the troubling symptoms. There are a number of antianxiety medications currently available. The preferred medications for most anxiety disorders are the benzodiazepines such as Valium, Xanax/Zanex, and Ativan.
There are other disorders that can cause symptoms similar to depression. Here are some ways to tell what's what.
Sadness is an emotion that we all feel at times. It's not the same as depression. Here are some ways to tell the difference.
Your Therapist is sometimes required to share information. Read about these exceptions to your privacy.
People often develop a close relationship with their therapist. You've been sitting in a room talking about very personal subjects, often with some frequency over time. Does this make you friends? Some people certainly expect that it does, but the therapist usually does not see it that way.
Detailed information about Learning Disabilities from the National Institute of Mental Health
Antipsychotic medications are the treatment-of-choice for schizophrenia and similar severe mental disorders
This article discusses three common mistakes that people make in relationships and what to do about them.
Detailed information about ADD and ADHD from the National Institute of Mental Health
Mental health is more than the absence of mental illness. Even though many of us don't suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder, it is clear that some of us are mentally healthier than others.
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a movement disorder that is caused by medications. This potentially permanent condition is a possible side-effect of long-term treatment with antipsychotic medications such as Thorazine and Haldol which are often used to treat schizophrenia and other major mental disorders.
Practical suggestions to help you interact more effectively with others.
How do you stay cool, composed and sustain self esteem in a tough environment? Here are some tips you may to consider as a starter guide to self improvement. A reader-submitted article.
Is your life a battle or a journey? Life Metaphors can shape how we live.
A simple How to on relieving depression, from your About.com Guide
We know that exercise has positive effects on the brain. Researchers at Duke University demonstrated several years ago that exercise has antidepressant properties. Other research has shown that exercise can improve the brain functioning of the elderly, and may even protect against dementia. How does exercise improve mental health?
Medications for anxiety benzodiazepines clonazepam Klonopin alprazolam Xanax diazepam Valium lorazepam Ativan buspirone buspar propranolol Inderal Inderide
A summary of Mike Tyson's psychological assessment
This article discusses the chemical oxytocin and its implications in many important aspects of our lives.
A multicenter, phase-IV clinical trial headed by a Stanford University Medical Center professor has shown that an antidepressant known as mirtazapine works significantly faster, is more effective and causes fewer adverse side effects in elderly patients than does paroxetine, another commonly prescribed antidepressant. The research is the first direct comparison of the two drugs in treating elderly people suffering from a major depressive illness.
Reliable information about Borderline Personality Disorder from the National Institute of Mental Health.
Losing a spouse is one of the most stressful events a person can experience. But most older adults are resilient and bounce back to earlier levels of physical and psychological health within 18 months of their loss, according to new research on bereavement from the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research.
Benzodiazepines are the most commonly used medications to treat anxiety disorders.
A new finding of a link between an anxiety disorder and peptic ulcer disease lends support to the view that this gastrointestinal disease and anxiety disorder may share a common link. In recent years, attention has focused on a more biological element with the identification of bacteria as a cause of peptic ulcers. (Psychosomatic Medicine, Nov/Dec-2002)
Are you concerned that you couldn't remember the name of the familiar-looking woman who said hello to you in the restaurant last night? You probably don't have much to worry about, says an internationally recognized Alzheimer's disease researcher at Saint Louis University School of Medicine.
A review of Wherever You Go There You Are - by Jon Kabat-Zinn
This article offers five steps to greatly improving your relationship.
Most of us wonder this at sometime in our life. We all have moods that swing at times, and we all worry. Here are some ways to know if it's time to seek help.
Antidepressant medications are used to treat more than depression. Some antidepressants are used to help you sleep; others treat anxiety; and some can be used to help relieve certain types of pain.
Open-ended questions are used in counseling and psychotherapy to help explore issues.
Many wives of professional male athletes have to consider the possibility of their husbands' infidelity, particularly during a long season with numerous road trips. How they handle their fear and stress varies and may depend on their motivation for marriage.
Is male menopause a myth? Perhaps not, says a professor of pathology and medicine.
A study of Internet chat rooms explores the attitudes of married people who go there to meet someone of the opposite sex for cybersex or flirting. The study author contends that this is fast becoming the most common form of infidelity.
Assorted medications somtimes used to treat anxiety - Buspar (buspirone), Neurontin (gabapentin), beta blockers Inderal (propranolol)
Families Given Macintoshes Become More Isolated and Depressed Leonard Holmes, Ph.D.
Information on Bipolar Disorder from the National Institutes of Mental Health
There are two obsessive-compulsive disorders - OCD and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
This article discusses offers some questions to help you determine whether you are left brain dominant or right brain dominant.
Making new friends can be hard for many, and yet having strong social connections is critical for health. This article offers 5 simple tips to make friends.
Borderline Personality Disorder is a diagnosis that is sometimes misused. Here's the official definition and information about what it means.
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Road Rage is a popular topic. Why do we get so angry on the highway and how can we stay safe?
Age-related changes in the brain -- the appearance, starting around age 60, of
Attaining popularity or influence and money or luxury is not what makes people the happiest and is at the bottom of the list of psychological needs, according to a new study. Topping the list of needs that appear to bring happiness are autonomy, competence, relatedness and self-esteem. (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2-01)
Results from an analysis presented in May of 2004 show that long-term treatment with Lamictal (lamotrigine) is not associated with clinically relevant changes in weight when used in patients with bipolar I disorder compared to placebo.
Addiction is a common problem but myths still exist around this issue. This article describes five popular myths about addiction.
Understanding the origins of the brain disorder known as Schizophrenia.
Dr. Sue Johnson has explained that healthy relationships consist of three key factors that are discussed in this article.
There are many different causes of depression, as well as a lot of research on how depression develops.
Antidepressant medications are one of the most important treatments for depression. Along with psychotherapy, these medications can be lifesaving, and they improve the quality of life for millions.
The right side of the brain helps people recognize themselves in a picture, say researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. (Nature, 1-18-01)
Bipolar disorder (sometimes called manic depression) is a mental health disorder characterized by mood swings. A number of different medications are used to treat the symptoms of this disorder.
This article describes ten tips for increasing your oxytocin levels.
Education, medication and rehabilitation options for treating schizophrenia
Babies who spend overnights in the separate residences of each parent after divorce or separation have difficulty establishing secure attachments to their parents.
Jef Gazley, M.S. outlines some interesting ideas about attention deficit disorder. Page 2.
Paxil (paroxetine) is an antidepressant medication in the same class as Prozac and Zoloft. It is also used to treat generalized anxiety disorder.
Homophobia is not an actual phobia, say Arkansas psychologists. In a recent study, they found that homophobia originates not out of fear -- as true phobias do -- but from feelings of disgust. They also found close associations between homophobic tendencies and concerns about contamination. (Am. Psychological Society, 9-Jun-2002)
Protecting your Privacy in Usenet Support Groups Leonard Holmes, Ph.D. http://mentalhealth.about.com
What do you get when you cross schizophrenia with bipolar disorder? Schizoaffective disorder. It's actually not quite that simple, but that's a good way to think of this disorder.
This article discusses 6 predictors of divorce, according to Dr. John Gottman, renown relationship expert and researcher.
More information on OCD from NIMH: ocd patients attention deficit disorder neurotransmitter serotonin positron emission tomography pet obsessive compulsive disorder
These three pursuits, as studied by Martin Seligman, can lead to a life of extreme happiness.
anxiety disorders panic disorder generalized anxiety disorder GAD stress tension shyness allergic to people uptight
A first-hand description of how managed care has affected hospital admission after a suicide attempt
Atypical antipsychotics are the first line treatment for Schizophrenia.
Mayo Clinic debunks the commonly held notion that about 15 percent of people diagnosed with depression will commit suicide. (American Journal of Psychiatry, 12-00)
Information about psychiatric medications from the National Institute of Mental Health
Whoever wants less of a relationship has more power
Does intelligence decline with aging? That question being debated among psychologists worldwide will be the focus of a study by a West Virginia University Assistant Professor of Psychology.
healthfinder has been developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to assist consumers in finding health information.
Permanent physical brain changes from abuse can cause problems in adulthood.
Marie Forleo interviews Dr. Edward Hallowell, ADHD expert, on how to get stuff done. He offers five great tips on how to get things done.
Paruresis - bladder shyness - affects millions of people - mostly men. Can you pee in public?
It is estimated that 3-4% of the general population suffers from Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). GAD is characterized by excessive worry that occurs more often than not for a period of at least 6 months.
A groundbreaking new study on how healthy relationships change our brains has recently been released.
This article discusses the often overlooked importance of effective dependency with others as a step along the road to independence.
Antidepressant side effects are real and negatively affect patients compliance. Many patients consider stopping the medication even at the risk of relapse because of distressing side effects. How do you deal with some of the common antidepressant side effects?
Information about PTSD and the effects of trauma.
America's family album has undergone a revamping over the past several decades. Ozzie and Harriet, at least, would be a bit surprised at the newly revised edition. LSU researchers can offer insights about what's in store for the family as the 21st century presses onward.
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), also known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDDs), cause severe and pervasive impairment in thinking, feeling, language, and the ability to relate to others. These disorders are usually first diagnosed in early childhood and range from a severe form, called autistic disorder, through pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), to a much milder form, Asperger syndrome. They also include two rare disorders, Rett syndrome and childhood disintegrative disorder.
Medications are often used to treat mental health problems. They don't cure, but they can be very effective at managing symptoms. Antipsychotic medications are the first line treatments for schizophrenia and similar disorders.
Struggling with anxiety is all too common. Mindfulness teaches us how to change our relationship with anxiety and relieve the suffering as a result.
Bipolar disorder (sometimes called manic depression) is a mental health disorder characterized by mood swings. A number of different medications are used to treat the symptoms of this disorder. Page 2.
Researchers at Johns Hopkins Children's Center report that adults born with ambiguous genitalia - or malformations that make it difficult to determine sex of rearing - were generally content with the gender assigned to them at birth by their parents and doctors. A companion study showed that almost half of adult intersex patients knew little about their condition, and would like to know more. (Pediatrics, Sep-2002)
A look at various treatment strategies for eating disorders, including anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating, from psychologist and About.com Mental Health Resources Guide, Leonard Holmes, Ph.D.
Persons with mental disorders make up nearly half of the U.S. tobacco market. A new Harvard study finds that they are twice as likely to smoke as other Americans.
The experiences of millions of people have proved that antidepressants work, but only with the advent of sophisticated imaging technology have scientists begun to learn exactly how the medications affect brain structures and circuits to bring relief from depression. (Am. J. of Psychiatry, Jan-2003)
The video game version of Pokémon may be an example of a technological addiction.
Practical information to help you cope with managed care companies.
Mental Health information resources in Louisiana: mental health agency psychiatric residential facilities united parcel service state mental health agency mental health department
For the first time, UCLA neurobiologists have discovered that two systems in the brain interact to generate breathing rhythm -- a finding that may translate into better treatment for sleep apnea and sudden infant death syndrome. (Neuron, 6-Mar-2003)
From Michael G. Rayel, M.D. - Patients and their family members have asked me about manic depression and major depression. Is there any difference? Are they one and the same? Is the treatment the same? And so on. Each time I encounter a chorus of questions like these, I am enthused to provide answers.
This post discusses the work of Dr. Dan Siegal on interpersonal neurobiology and his definition of the mind.
A study found sertraline (Zoloft) to be somewhat more effective than placebo for children and teenagers.
Research shows there's a biological mechanism for repressed memories. See how the brain blocks unpleasant and unwanted memories.
The Holidays and other family times are not always easy. Here are some tips to help.
Strong social relationships lead to greater mental health, and lack thereof can be as predictive of health problems as smoking.
Cognitive therapy has been proven to be effective to treat depression and anxiety.
Childhood experiences make a difference in how secure we feel, but it's not too late.
Survey reveals teens stress levels are as high as adults, as well as more on how stress affects Americans. Ways of coping with stress are offered.
Fathers who leave their families may increase their daughters' risk for early sexual activity and teenage pregnancy, suggest the results of long-term studies in the United States and in New Zealand. (Child Development, 2003)
Mental Health information resources in Massachusetts
Loneliness has devastating effects on physical health. This article reviews some of the literature that exists on loneliness and why it is so damaging.
Opioid analgesics (opioids), powerful pain relievers whose use has been hotly debated in the medical community, should be prescribed for some patients with chronic lower back pain, according to the Mayo Clinic. (Pain Medicine, Sep-2002)
Hypnosis can be goofy entertainment or serious health care.
Letting go is difficult, simple, and essential.
Bipolar disorder or manic-depression is manifested by highs and lows. When a patient is manic side, there is a persistent feeling of euphoria or irritability associated with lack of need for sleep, excessive energy, agitation, fast and loud speech, increase in goal-directed activities such as spending sprees and establishing businesses with no appropriate plan, and hypersexuality. Patients with this disorder develop poor judgment and impulsivity.
Women who have had a major stressful event - death of a spouse, job loss, or a long-distance move - midway through their pregnancy may have a greater chance of having an autistic child than do their unstressed counterparts, according to a new study.
This article offers a brief review of Dan Siegel's 2011 book The Whole Brain Child: 12 Revolutionary Strategies to Nurture Your Child's Developing Mind.
When the U.S. Government filed Criminal Charges Against Therapists Leonard Holmes, Ph.D.
Incidents like the Columbine shootings are difficult for us to understand. These factors may play a role.
Human pheromones are thought to play a role in sexual attraction, despite the fact that Western cultures cover-up human body odor. Research has found some interesting relationships between sexual orientation and preference for human body odors.
Tricyclic antidepressants are tried-and-true medications that can lift depression, but may cause some side effects. SSRIs are newer drugs that have different side effects. Page 2.
Mental Health information resources in Georgia
The New York Court of Appeals has upheld the state law allowing concerned family and friends to seek a court order forcing a patient to accept mental health treatment.
Energy Psychology combines Eastern approaches to the mind and body with Western psychotherapy. Practitioners claim that tapping acupuncture points while thinking about an anxiety-producing event can cure anxiety and phobias.
A unique experiment that studied chemical activity in the brains of human volunteers while they experienced sustained pain and reported how they felt is providing new insights into the body's natural painkiller system - and why each of us experiences pain differently. (Science, 13-Jul-2001)
The Serenity Prayer popularized in 12-step groups can help all of us manage stress.
Mental stress causes the inner layer of the blood vessels to constrict, which may increase the risk of sudden cardiac death, researchers report. (Circulation, May-2002)
While glamorous stars get into the spotlight when there's a rift in their family, the problem afflicts ordinary folk with a surprising frequency as well.
Reader contribution from Ruth Whalen
New research funded by the National Institute of Mental Health strongly suggests that some antidepressants work by growing new neurons (brain cells). The study found that blocking the formation of neurons in the hippocampus blocked the behavioral effects of the antidepressant fluoxitine (marketed as Prozac and Sarafem) in mice.
Child and Adolescent Violence Research at the NIM
Antidepressants have different side effects in different people. Older medications may cause dry mouth and sedation, while newer ones may decrease sexual desire. Page 3.
Genetically and physically, male babies born with a condition called "micropenis" are more likely to achieve psychological and sexual well-being in adulthood if raised male, according to a new study by researchers at Johns Hopkins and three other centers. (Hormone Research, Jan-2002)
Chronic smokers have biological changes in the brain similar to those caused by antidepressant drugs. The neurochemical abnormalities found in chronic smokers' brains can be produced by repeatedly treating laboratory animals with antidepressant drugs. (Archives of General Psychiatry's, Sep-2001)
Teenagers are less likely to start having sex when their mothers are involved in their lives, have a close relationship with them, and stress the importance of education, according to new findings from the largest survey ever conducted with adolescents in the United States. (J. of Adolescent Health, Sep-2002; Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 2002)
Forcing someone with Alzheimer's or another form of dementia to face reality can be a frustrating experience. Here are some alternative approaches that may ease the frustration.
Patients don't always respond to antidepressants. Psychiatrists have several options when this happens.
The Surgeon General's Report on Mental Health Contents
Save your relationship with Emotionally Focused Therapy, a form of couples therapy that has been proven to help couples move from distress to deepened connections.
Getting less depressed takes time. There are steps that you can take that will eventually pay off.
The identification of a protein that enables the body to overcome resistance to the hormone leptin could help scientists move one step closer to creating a drug therapy to help prevent and treat obesity. (Developmental Cell, 16-Apr-2002)
People who smoke marijuana may increase their risk of a heart attack, Beth Israel Deaconess researchers have found. A person's chance of having a heart attack, particularly those at risk for heart disease, increased nearly 5X during the hour after smoking. (Circulation, 12-Jun-2001)
September 2000 study finds that exercise also keeps depression from returning.
Scientists design world-first: computer games that enhance self-acceptance
Information about acute stress and diaphragmatic breathing - one way to cope.
Researchers have found an association between weather and the occurrence of stroke and transient ischemic attack. Results of the 14-year longitudinal study of 3,289 first-time stroke patients are being presented at the American Academy of Neurology Annual Meeting in Denver April 13-20.
This article discusses ten risk factors for suicide.
Women who marry alcoholics may have unique characteristics that influence their partner's drinking, according to new research. (Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, Sep-2002)
New U.S. medical record regulations will affect mental health treatment. Psychotherapy notes receive more extensive protection than other medical records.
Right now, doctors can only diagnose Alzheimer's disease definitively through an autopsy -- but research suggests that PET scans could soon be widely used to diagnose and guide treatment for those with Alzheimer's and the dementia disorders that mimic it.
Gender, sex hormones, and genes appear to play a big part in how bodies and emotions react to pain. Brain scans of the brain's natural painkiller system in action, show that women's ability to handle pain increases with their estrogen levels. (Meeting: American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Stanford University Medical Center researchers have discovered a potential treatment for Huntington's disease. By enhancing the brain's natural protective response to the disease, researchers were able to alleviate the uncontrollable tremors and prolong the lives of mice with a neurological disorder that mimics Huntington's. Their finding suggests that a similar treatment strategy may be effective in humans. (Nature Medicine, Feb-2002)
Information about Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder from NIMH
Borderline personality disorder has been thought to be a chronic disorder with a poor prognosis. New research suggests that things may not be quite as bad as we thought.
This article discusses the importance of and some science behind stories in helping a child get over a difficult event.