Mental Health: Most Popular Articles
A marriage therapist with recommendaitons on ending a relationship.
Antianxiety medications help to calm and relax the anxious person and remove the troubling symptoms. There are a number of antianxiety medications currently available. The preferred medications for most anxiety disorders are the benzodiazepines such as Valium, Xanax/Zanex, and Ativan.
A glossary of mental health initials - like M.D., Ph.D., Psy.D., M.S.W., etc. Page 2.
There are other disorders that can cause symptoms similar to depression. Here are some ways to tell what's what.
Sadness is an emotion that we all feel at times. It's not the same as depression. Here are some ways to tell the difference.
Your Therapist is sometimes required to share information. Read about these exceptions to your privacy.
Detailed information about Learning Disabilities from the National Institute of Mental Health
Detailed information about ADD and ADHD from the National Institute of Mental Health
People often develop a close relationship with their therapist. You've been sitting in a room talking about very personal subjects, often with some frequency over time. Does this make you friends? Some people certainly expect that it does, but the therapist usually does not see it that way.
This article discusses three common mistakes that people make in relationships and what to do about them.
Is your life a battle or a journey? Life Metaphors can shape how we live.
Antipsychotic medications are the treatment-of-choice for schizophrenia and similar severe mental disorders
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Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a movement disorder that is caused by medications. This potentially permanent condition is a possible side-effect of long-term treatment with antipsychotic medications such as Thorazine and Haldol which are often used to treat schizophrenia and other major mental disorders.
A simple How to on relieving depression, from your About.com Guide
Practical suggestions to help you interact more effectively with others.
Mental health is more than the absence of mental illness. Even though many of us don't suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder, it is clear that some of us are mentally healthier than others.
How do you stay cool, composed and sustain self esteem in a tough environment? Here are some tips you may to consider as a starter guide to self improvement. A reader-submitted article.
This article debunks five common myths about suicide.
This article discusses offers some questions to help you determine whether you are left brain dominant or right brain dominant.
We know that exercise has positive effects on the brain. Researchers at Duke University demonstrated several years ago that exercise has antidepressant properties. Other research has shown that exercise can improve the brain functioning of the elderly, and may even protect against dementia. How does exercise improve mental health?
Are you concerned that you couldn't remember the name of the familiar-looking woman who said hello to you in the restaurant last night? You probably don't have much to worry about, says an internationally recognized Alzheimer's disease researcher at Saint Louis University School of Medicine.
Dr. Sue Johnson has explained that healthy relationships consist of three key factors that are discussed in this article.
A multicenter, phase-IV clinical trial headed by a Stanford University Medical Center professor has shown that an antidepressant known as mirtazapine works significantly faster, is more effective and causes fewer adverse side effects in elderly patients than does paroxetine, another commonly prescribed antidepressant. The research is the first direct comparison of the two drugs in treating elderly people suffering from a major depressive illness.
Medications for anxiety benzodiazepines clonazepam Klonopin alprazolam Xanax diazepam Valium lorazepam Ativan buspirone buspar propranolol Inderal Inderide
Reliable information about Borderline Personality Disorder from the National Institute of Mental Health.
Benzodiazepines are the most commonly used medications to treat anxiety disorders.
Making new friends can be hard for many, and yet having strong social connections is critical for health. This article offers 5 simple tips to make friends.
Open-ended questions are used in counseling and psychotherapy to help explore issues.
Antidepressant side effects are real and negatively affect patients compliance. Many patients consider stopping the medication even at the risk of relapse because of distressing side effects. How do you deal with some of the common antidepressant side effects?
A new finding of a link between an anxiety disorder and peptic ulcer disease lends support to the view that this gastrointestinal disease and anxiety disorder may share a common link. In recent years, attention has focused on a more biological element with the identification of bacteria as a cause of peptic ulcers. (Psychosomatic Medicine, Nov/Dec-2002)
Losing a spouse is one of the most stressful events a person can experience. But most older adults are resilient and bounce back to earlier levels of physical and psychological health within 18 months of their loss, according to new research on bereavement from the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research.
Age-related changes in the brain -- the appearance, starting around age 60, of
Many wives of professional male athletes have to consider the possibility of their husbands' infidelity, particularly during a long season with numerous road trips. How they handle their fear and stress varies and may depend on their motivation for marriage.
Is male menopause a myth? Perhaps not, says a professor of pathology and medicine.
Antidepressant medications are one of the most important treatments for depression. Along with psychotherapy, these medications can be lifesaving, and they improve the quality of life for millions.
Atypical antipsychotics are the first line treatment for Schizophrenia.
This article discusses ten risk factors for suicide.
Antidepressant medications are used to treat more than depression. Some antidepressants are used to help you sleep; others treat anxiety; and some can be used to help relieve certain types of pain.
What do you get when you cross schizophrenia with bipolar disorder? Schizoaffective disorder. It's actually not quite that simple, but that's a good way to think of this disorder.
Assorted medications somtimes used to treat anxiety - Buspar (buspirone), Neurontin (gabapentin), beta blockers Inderal (propranolol)
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Most of us wonder this at sometime in our life. We all have moods that swing at times, and we all worry. Here are some ways to know if it's time to seek help.
Homophobia is not an actual phobia, say Arkansas psychologists. In a recent study, they found that homophobia originates not out of fear -- as true phobias do -- but from feelings of disgust. They also found close associations between homophobic tendencies and concerns about contamination. (Am. Psychological Society, 9-Jun-2002)
This article discusses how sometimes those who seem least likely to be depressed, e.g. funny people, can actually be struggling in silence with depression.
This article discusses what Dissociative Identity Disorder is and a few basics about this often misunderstood psychiatric diagnosis.
Information about psychiatric medications from the National Institute of Mental Health
A review of Wherever You Go There You Are - by Jon Kabat-Zinn
anxiety disorders panic disorder generalized anxiety disorder GAD stress tension shyness allergic to people uptight
A summary of Mike Tyson's psychological assessment
There are many different causes of depression, as well as a lot of research on how depression develops.
Understanding the origins of the brain disorder known as Schizophrenia.
Information on Bipolar Disorder from the National Institutes of Mental Health
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This article discusses Dissociative Identity Disorder and offers some signs that point to a possible diagnosis of it.
Survey reveals teens stress levels are as high as adults, as well as more on how stress affects Americans. Ways of coping with stress are offered.
Mayo Clinic debunks the commonly held notion that about 15 percent of people diagnosed with depression will commit suicide. (American Journal of Psychiatry, 12-00)
Results from an analysis presented in May of 2004 show that long-term treatment with Lamictal (lamotrigine) is not associated with clinically relevant changes in weight when used in patients with bipolar I disorder compared to placebo.
America's family album has undergone a revamping over the past several decades. Ozzie and Harriet, at least, would be a bit surprised at the newly revised edition. LSU researchers can offer insights about what's in store for the family as the 21st century presses onward.
A look at various treatment strategies for eating disorders, including anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating, from psychologist and About.com Mental Health Resources Guide, Leonard Holmes, Ph.D.
This article describes ten tips for increasing your oxytocin levels.
Mental Health information resources in Louisiana: mental health agency psychiatric residential facilities united parcel service state mental health agency mental health department
Attaining popularity or influence and money or luxury is not what makes people the happiest and is at the bottom of the list of psychological needs, according to a new study. Topping the list of needs that appear to bring happiness are autonomy, competence, relatedness and self-esteem. (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2-01)
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), also known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDDs), cause severe and pervasive impairment in thinking, feeling, language, and the ability to relate to others. These disorders are usually first diagnosed in early childhood and range from a severe form, called autistic disorder, through pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), to a much milder form, Asperger syndrome. They also include two rare disorders, Rett syndrome and childhood disintegrative disorder.
Childhood experiences make a difference in how secure we feel, but it's not too late.
Road Rage is a popular topic. Why do we get so angry on the highway and how can we stay safe?
The right side of the brain helps people recognize themselves in a picture, say researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. (Nature, 1-18-01)
Education, medication and rehabilitation options for treating schizophrenia
Babies who spend overnights in the separate residences of each parent after divorce or separation have difficulty establishing secure attachments to their parents.
Mental Health information resources in Rhode Island
More information on OCD from NIMH: ocd patients attention deficit disorder neurotransmitter serotonin positron emission tomography pet obsessive compulsive disorder
Persons with mental disorders make up nearly half of the U.S. tobacco market. A new Harvard study finds that they are twice as likely to smoke as other Americans.
It is possible to improve your relationship and gain a better understanding of it in just one weekend, without having to go to couples therapy.
Chronic smokers have biological changes in the brain similar to those caused by antidepressant drugs. The neurochemical abnormalities found in chronic smokers' brains can be produced by repeatedly treating laboratory animals with antidepressant drugs. (Archives of General Psychiatry's, Sep-2001)
A study of Internet chat rooms explores the attitudes of married people who go there to meet someone of the opposite sex for cybersex or flirting. The study author contends that this is fast becoming the most common form of infidelity.
This article describes the theory of constructivism. It reviews information about constructive therapies and how promising and hopeful they can be.
Jef Gazley, M.S. outlines some interesting ideas about attention deficit disorder. Page 2.
Does coming from a family full of "lefties"tend to make a person better at remembering events? The data from two recent experiments answer in the affirmative. What's more, psychologists may finally be able to explain why kids don't remember events until they are about four years old. (Neuropsychology, Oct-2001)
Permanent physical brain changes from abuse can cause problems in adulthood.
Borderline Personality Disorder is a diagnosis that is sometimes misused. Here's the official definition and information about what it means.
Tricyclic antidepressants are tried-and-true medications that can lift depression, but may cause some side effects. SSRIs are newer drugs that have different side effects. Page 2.
This article offers advice on how you might be able to reach a partner who is shut down or withdrawn.
Information about PTSD and the effects of trauma.
This article provides some advice on how to deal with a loved one who may be suicidal.
Bipolar disorder (sometimes called manic depression) is a mental health disorder characterized by mood swings. A number of different medications are used to treat the symptoms of this disorder.
Paxil (paroxetine) is an antidepressant medication in the same class as Prozac and Zoloft. It is also used to treat generalized anxiety disorder.
There are two obsessive-compulsive disorders - OCD and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
Therapist Directories - Find a counselor or therapist in your hometown
healthfinder has been developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to assist consumers in finding health information.
Struggling with anxiety is all too common. Mindfulness teaches us how to change our relationship with anxiety and relieve the suffering as a result.
Mental Health information resources in Georgia
A study found sertraline (Zoloft) to be somewhat more effective than placebo for children and teenagers.
September 2000 study finds that exercise also keeps depression from returning.
A review of 32 studies affirms that family routines (such as bedtime, chores, and dinner time) and family rituals (such as birthdays, Christmas celebrations, and family reunions) are associated with marital satisfaction, adolescents' sense of personal identity, academic achievement, children's health, and stronger family relationships.
It is estimated that 3-4% of the general population suffers from Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). GAD is characterized by excessive worry that occurs more often than not for a period of at least 6 months.
A first-hand description of how managed care has affected hospital admission after a suicide attempt
Women who marry alcoholics may have unique characteristics that influence their partner's drinking, according to new research. (Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, Sep-2002)
From Michael G. Rayel, M.D. - Patients and their family members have asked me about manic depression and major depression. Is there any difference? Are they one and the same? Is the treatment the same? And so on. Each time I encounter a chorus of questions like these, I am enthused to provide answers.
Paruresis - bladder shyness - affects millions of people - mostly men. Can you pee in public?
Child and Adolescent Violence Research at the NIM
Researchers at Johns Hopkins Children's Center report that adults born with ambiguous genitalia - or malformations that make it difficult to determine sex of rearing - were generally content with the gender assigned to them at birth by their parents and doctors. A companion study showed that almost half of adult intersex patients knew little about their condition, and would like to know more. (Pediatrics, Sep-2002)
Antidepressants have different side effects in different people. Older medications may cause dry mouth and sedation, while newer ones may decrease sexual desire. Page 3.
Addiction is a common problem but myths still exist around this issue. This article describes five popular myths about addiction.
Women who have had a major stressful event - death of a spouse, job loss, or a long-distance move - midway through their pregnancy may have a greater chance of having an autistic child than do their unstressed counterparts, according to a new study.
A team of researchers from the Johns Hopkins Children's Center and four other medical centers have found that the antidepressant drug fluvoxamine significantly lowers anxiety without major side effects in most children who take it. (New England Journal of Medicine, Apr-2001)
The Serenity Prayer popularized in 12-step groups can help all of us manage stress.
Does intelligence decline with aging? That question being debated among psychologists worldwide will be the focus of a study by a West Virginia University Assistant Professor of Psychology.
Getting less depressed takes time. There are steps that you can take that will eventually pay off.
Information about depression and bipolar disorder from NIMH
Human pheromones are thought to play a role in sexual attraction, despite the fact that Western cultures cover-up human body odor. Research has found some interesting relationships between sexual orientation and preference for human body odors.
Footnotes and references for the information featured in articles on eating disorders.
Stanford University Medical Center researchers have discovered a potential treatment for Huntington's disease. By enhancing the brain's natural protective response to the disease, researchers were able to alleviate the uncontrollable tremors and prolong the lives of mice with a neurological disorder that mimics Huntington's. Their finding suggests that a similar treatment strategy may be effective in humans. (Nature Medicine, Feb-2002)
New U.S. medical record regulations will affect mental health treatment. Psychotherapy notes receive more extensive protection than other medical records.
This article offers seven tips from the American Psychological Association on how to manage stress.
This post discusses research demonstrating how social and physical pain are registered similarly in the brain, and how a pain-reliever can reduce hurt feelings.
Cognitive therapy has been proven to be effective to treat depression and anxiety.
Letting go is difficult, simple, and essential.
Mental Health information resources in Massachusetts
Information from The Weight Control Information Network, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease on Binge Eating Disorder.
This article discusses four steps to having a difficult, but important, conversation with someone.
Borderline personality disorder has been thought to be a chronic disorder with a poor prognosis. New research suggests that things may not be quite as bad as we thought.
This article offers a brief summary of narrative therapy and how you can use it to create positive change in your life.
Practical information to help you cope with managed care companies.
Scientists design world-first: computer games that enhance self-acceptance
New research funded by the National Institute of Mental Health strongly suggests that some antidepressants work by growing new neurons (brain cells). The study found that blocking the formation of neurons in the hippocampus blocked the behavioral effects of the antidepressant fluoxitine (marketed as Prozac and Sarafem) in mice.
Research shows there's a biological mechanism for repressed memories. See how the brain blocks unpleasant and unwanted memories.
Couples can learn communication techniques to prevent violence from becoming part of their relationship.
A professor who has done extensive research on driver distractions says the average person is only capable of dividing their attention among four objects at any given time. Throw a cell phone conversation, handheld or hands-free, while driving and its a recipe for disaster.
Incidents like the Columbine shootings are difficult for us to understand. These factors may play a role.
Real-time Online Modalities - Conferencing with Chat, Telephone, and Video Leonard Holmes, Ph.D.
More on father-absence and teen pregnancy. Page 2.
The Surgeon General's Report on Mental Health Contents
Genetically and physically, male babies born with a condition called "micropenis" are more likely to achieve psychological and sexual well-being in adulthood if raised male, according to a new study by researchers at Johns Hopkins and three other centers. (Hormone Research, Jan-2002)
A groundbreaking new study on how healthy relationships change our brains has recently been released.
Bipolar disorder (sometimes called manic depression) is a mental health disorder characterized by mood swings. A number of different medications are used to treat the symptoms of this disorder. Page 2.
Reader contribution from Ruth Whalen
This article discusses the best gift that you can give your significant other regardless of the occasion.
The New York Court of Appeals has upheld the state law allowing concerned family and friends to seek a court order forcing a patient to accept mental health treatment.
The Surgeon General's Report on Mental Health Contents | Order | Resources | Report Home | Site Home
Hypnosis can be goofy entertainment or serious health care.
Preliminary research with mice points to the possibility that memories may be passed down the generations through altered DNA.
Forcing someone with Alzheimer's or another form of dementia to face reality can be a frustrating experience. Here are some alternative approaches that may ease the frustration.
Whoever wants less of a relationship has more power
Save your relationship with Emotionally Focused Therapy, a form of couples therapy that has been proven to help couples move from distress to deepened connections.
Understanding how the brain processes emotion has important implications for diseases ranging from Alzheimer's to schizophrenia--researchers now report on an important brain center for processing disgust. (Annals of Neurology, 14-Feb-2003)
Right now, doctors can only diagnose Alzheimer's disease definitively through an autopsy -- but research suggests that PET scans could soon be widely used to diagnose and guide treatment for those with Alzheimer's and the dementia disorders that mimic it.
The Problem(s) with Managed Care Leonard Holmes, Ph.D. http://mentalhealth.about.com
These three pursuits, as studied by Martin Seligman, can lead to a life of extreme happiness.
Social phobia, also called social anxiety, is a disorder characterized by overwhelming anxiety and excessive self-consciousness in everyday social situations.
A unique experiment that studied chemical activity in the brains of human volunteers while they experienced sustained pain and reported how they felt is providing new insights into the body's natural painkiller system - and why each of us experiences pain differently. (Science, 13-Jul-2001)